For proper optimization of dental and oral health of individuals, the following play vital role;

  1. Adequate knowledge about oral health is important because, Ignorance about oral health care and education has actually been the major cause of dental and oral diseases.
  2. Easy access to oral health care:  Access to oral health care is essential to promoting and maintaining overall health and well-being. When individuals are able to access oral health care, they are more likely to receive basic preventive services and education on personal behaviors. They are also more likely to have oral diseases detected in the earlier stages and obtain restorative care as needed. In contrast, lack of access to oral health care can result in delayed diagnosis, untreated oral diseases and conditions, compromised health status, and, occasionally, even death. Unfortunately, access to oral health care eludes many Nigerians.
  3. School visit: Like the Integrated School Health Initiative(ISHI); visits to school will help to optimize the oral health of children and ultimately the populace at large.



1.    Brush your teeth two times a day – last thing at night and at least one other time during the day

2.   Brush your teeth for at least two minutes each time

3.   Use two tools for personal oral hygiene; a fluoride-containing toothpaste and medium textured tooth brush

4.   Each time you brush, clean between the teeth with dental floss or an interdental brush, which ensures that bacteria is removed from all areas of the mouth.

5.    Go for dental checkups at least two times a year

6.   During your dental checkups, have your teeth professionally cleaned (scaling and polishing or S & P)

7.   Your child should start brushing his own teeth and visiting the dentist from the age of two